Turkey is “a member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), has high economic ambitions, very good renewable resources, significant emission reduction potential and plans to continue to massively develop coal-fired power plants,” he told Climate Home News. China has tentatively accepted a US-backed EU compromise that provides for a flexible system that gives the poorest countries time to comply with a set of rules. This is just one of the recent steps taken by China that have played a more cooperative role than in the past in the UN climate negotiations. As countries prepare for this year`s UN climate change summit in Chile in December, China and other major emitters will continue to pay attention to signs of volatile commitment to the agreement. So far, that hasn`t been the case, which could convince the Trump administration to find a way to preserve the face to stay in the agreement. The IPCC notes that climate change is limited only by a “substantial and sustainable reduction in greenhouse gas emissions.” While the benefits of presenting a single global temperature threshold as a dangerous climate change can be discussed, the general scientific view is that an increase in global temperatures of more than 2 degrees Celsius would be an unacceptable risk – potentially leading to mass extinctions, more severe droughts and hurricanes, and an arid region. While it is not clear that global warming will cause “sudden and irreversible changes” in Earth`s systems, the risk of exceeding the threshold only increases if temperatures rise. Although the United States and Turkey are not parties to the agreement, as they have not indicated their intention to withdraw from the 1992 UNFCCC, they will continue to be required, as an “Annex 1” country under the UNFCCC, to end national communications and establish an annual inventory of greenhouse gases.  Since Trump`s announcement, U.S. envoys have continued to participate in UN climate negotiations, as planned, to shore up the details of the agreement. Meanwhile, thousands of heads of state and government have intervened across the country to fill the void created by the lack of federal climate leadership, reflecting the will of the vast majority of Americans who support the Paris agreement. City and state officials, business leaders, universities and individuals included a base amount to participate in initiatives such as America`s Pledge, the United States Climate Alliance, We Are Still In and the American Cities Climate Challenge. Complementary and sometimes overlapping movements aim to deepen and accelerate efforts to combat climate change at the local, regional and national levels.
Each of these efforts focuses on the willingness of the United States to work toward the goals of the Paris Agreement, despite Trump`s attempts to lead the country in the opposite direction. While mitigation and adjustment require more climate funding, adjustment has generally received less support and has mobilized fewer private sector actions.  A 2014 OECD report showed that in 2014, only 16% of the world`s financial resources were devoted to adaptation to climate change.  The Paris Agreement called for a balance between climate finance between adaptation and mitigation, highlighting in particular the need to strengthen support for adaptation from the parties most affected by climate change, including least developed countries and small island developing states.