Peace Agreement Farc Colombia

The UN Security Council highlighted the important role played by third countries during the peace process in Colombia in its resolution A/RES/2261. According to Juan Manuel Santos, the peace process would not have been fruitful without the support of the international community. [96] The Colombian peace process refers to the peace process between the Colombian government of President Juan Manuel Santos and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC-PE) to end the Colombian conflict. Negotiations began in September 2012 and took place mainly in Havana, Cuba. On 24 August 2016, negotiators announced a final agreement to end the conflict and establish a lasting peace. However, a referendum on ratification of the agreement on 2 October 2016 failed after 50.2% of voters voted against the agreement, with 49.8% voting in favour. Subsequently, on 24 November, the Colombian government and the FARC signed a revised peace agreement and sent it to Congress for ratification instead of holding a second referendum. [1] Both houses of Congress ratified the revised peace agreement from 29 to 30 November 2016, marking the end of the conflict. [2] For the duration of the ceasefire and disarmament agreement, the FARC would designate a group of 60 unarmed members who would transit through the national territory as part of the tasks related to the peace agreement; Similarly, within each zone, a group of 10 guerrillas would move within the commune and the department for the same reasons. The transition from a guerrilla movement to a political party has been one of the FARC`s main public objectives since the beginning of the negotiations.

At the same time, their potential political participation is one of the most unpopular points of the peace process. In retaliation for the attack on Cauca, a military operation in Guapi, Cauca killed 26 farc guerrillas on 22 May. A few days later, the guerrilla commander and member of the General Staff, Romén Ruiz, was killed in the Chocé. The FARC broke its unilateral ceasefire announced in December 2014. [52] Although it was agreed that the negotiations would take place in the midst of the ongoing conflict, the end of the FARC unilateral ceasefire was seen as a critical situation for the peace process, which would come to an end if it was not treated with caution. Combined with President Santos` historically low popularity, the loss of credibility in the negotiations and the strength of Uribe`s opposition to the progress of peace, the talks in Havana appeared to be in a difficult situation. [53] The crisis has alarmed Cuba and Norway, the two guarantor countries, which have called on both sides to continue their efforts towards a negotiated solution, including a final bilateral ceasefire agreement. [27] The plant replacement program agreed in the peace agreement promised cash payments to those who uprooted their coca plants and reimbursed them through legal crops.