In March 2016, the U.S. government and the Peruvian government reached an agreement in place since 2003 to remove barriers to U.S. beef exports to Peru. In other jurisdictions, courts have simply expressed a preference for the interpretation of treaties as bilateral obligations in all cases where there is no clear evidence that a unilateral contract is provided. It has been stipulated that, in case of doubt, an offer to form a bilateral contract is considered an invitation to the performance of what the offer requires by a promise and not by the conclusion of a unilateral contract from the moment of actual performance. The bottom line in most jurisdictions is that courts are faced with a growing variety of factual models involving complex contractual disputes, and that courts have moved from the rigid application of unilateral and bilateral treaty concepts to an ad hoc approach. Bilateral agreements increase trade between the two countries. They open markets for thriving industries. When businesses benefit, they create jobs. They are easier to negotiate than multilateral trade agreements because they affect only two countries. This means they can take effect faster and gain business benefits faster. If negotiations on a multilateral trade agreement fail, many countries will instead negotiate a series of bilateral agreements. Bilateral agreements can often trigger competing bilateral agreements between other countries.
This can take away the benefits offered by the free trade agreement between the two home nations. A bilateral treaty is different from a unilateral contract, a promise made by one party in exchange for the performance of an action by the other party. The party to a unilateral contract whose performance is sought is not obliged to act, but if it does, the party who made the promise is bound to abide by the terms of the contract. In a bilateral agreement, the two parties are bound by their exchange of commitments. A bilateral trade agreement confers preferential trade status between two nations. By accessing markets for both sides, it increases trade and economic growth. The terms of the agreement standardize business operations and a level playing field. .