What Is An Agreement Between The Pope And The Ruler Of A Country Called

9.1), it keeps these funds out of the reach of criminal and civil law (s. 7.1), it allows these funds to be sent out of the country (s. 13.2) and keeps all Foundation documents “inviolable”, i.e. secret (art. 8). [18] Over the centuries, there have been at least several hundred concordats. [19] Below is a sortable list of concordats and other bilateral agreements concluded by the Holy See. If the political will is there, these concordat privileges can be extended by national legislation. In 1992, the tax exemption granted to the Church by the Italian Concordat was interpreted by a law that allows the Catholic Church to avoid 90% of what it owes to the State for its commercial activities.

[13] Thus, a small sanctuary within the walls of a cinema, resort, shop, restaurant or hotel is enough to grant religious liberation. [14] In June 2007, Neelie Kroes, European Commissioner for Competition, announced an investigation in this area. Then, in August, the deputy finance minister of Romano Prodi`s fragile centre-left coalition said the issue needed to be addressed in next year`s budget. [15] After that, however, the Barroso Commission heard nothing more and, a few months later, the Prodi government was overthrown. The crisis began when a group within the Church, members of the Gregorian Reformation, decided to rebel against the reign of Simonia by forcibly taking over the investiture power of the secular power in place, that is, .dem say the Holy Roman Emperor, and placing this power completely under the control of the Church. The Gregorian reformers knew that this would not be possible as long as the emperor retained the ability to appoint the pope, so their first step was to forcibly win the papacy out of the emperor`s control. An opportunity arose in 1056, when six-year-old Henry IV became King of Germany; the reformers took advantage of his young age and his inability to react by conquering the papacy by force. In 1059, a council of churches in Rome declared with In Nomine Domini that the leaders of the nobility would have no part in the selection of popes, and created the College of Cardinals as a body of electors composed exclusively of Church officials. Once Rome regained control of the pope`s election, it was ready to attack the practice of investiture and simony on a broad front.